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对TC4预合金粉末进行模壳热等静压成型,并对成型构件的尺寸收缩、合金的微观组织、室温拉伸性能,以及合金/模壳界面微观结构进行了分析。结果表明:采用TC4预合金粉末模壳热等静压技术实现了构件的完整成形,合金致密度达到98%,粉末在致密化过程中,沿构件的长度及宽度方向收缩较少,沿厚度方向收缩较大,中心部位收缩率达到30%;成型得到的合金为细小均匀的网篮组织,片层周围分布少量等轴α相;合金塑性为铸造TC4合金的1.5倍以上,拉伸性能完全达到甚至超过锻件水平;粉末模壳热等静压工艺中,TC4合金与模壳之间无明显的界面反应,在构件表面存在10μm左右的疏松层。

The shell mold-HIP forming process of TC4 pre-alloyed powder was investigated. The shrinkage of the molding part was revealed, and the microstructure and tensile property of the alloy as well as the interface between the alloy and mold were analyzed. Results show that the molding part with complete shape and a relative density of 98% is achieved by mold-HIP forming process. During densification, there is a small amount of shrinkage along the length and width of the molding part, while it is much larger along the depth, which reaches 30% in the centre; the process results in fine uniform basketweave microstructure, with a minority of equiaxed α grains surrounding the lamellar; the plasticity of the shell mold-HIP alloy is more than 1.5 times as much the casting alloy; the ultimate tensile strength of the shell mold-HIP alloy is up to and even higher than the level of the forged alloy. There is no obvious interface reaction between the TC4 alloy and shell mold during the HIP process, while a loose layer of about 10μm is formed on the alloy surface of the part.

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