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Comparison of Inconel 625 and Inconel 600 in resistance to cavitation erosion and jet impingement erosion

Nuclear Engineering and Design

Liquid droplet erosion (LDE), which often occurs in bellows made of nickel-based alloys, threatens the security operation of the nuclear power plant. As the candidate materials of the bellows, Inconel 600 and Inconel 625 were both tested for resistance to cavitation erosion (CE) and jet impingement erosion (JIE) through vibratory cavitation equipment and a jet apparatus for erosion-corrosion. Cumulative mass loss vs. exposure time was used to evaluate the erosion rate of the two alloys. The surface and cross-sectional morphologies before and after the erosion tests were observed by scanning electron microscopy (SEM), the inclusions were analyzed by an energy dispersive spectroscopy (EDS), and the surface roughness was also measured by surface roughness tester to illustrate the evolution of erosion process. The results show that the cumulative mass loss of CE of Inconel 625 is about 1/6 that of Inconel 600 and the CE incubation period of the Inconel 625 is 4 times as long as that of the Inconel 600. The micro-morphology evolution of CE process illustrates that the twinning and hardness of the Inconel 625 plays a significant role in CE. In addition, the cumulative mass loss of JIE of Inconel 625 is about 2/3 that of Inconel 600 at impacting angle of 90 degrees, and almost equal to that of the Inconel 600 at impacting angle of 30 degrees. Overall, the resistance to CE and JIE of Inconel 625 is much superior to that of Inconel 600. (C) 2010 Elsevier By. All rights reserved.

关键词: stress-corrosion cracking;aluminide intermetallic alloys;high-purity;water;mechanical-properties;crevice corrosion;solid particles;wear;behavior;microstructure;deformation;steam

Cavitation erosion and jet impingement erosion mechanism of cold sprayed Ni-Al(2)O(3) coating

Nuclear Engineering and Design

A composite coating was deposited on Inconel 600 substrate by cold spray method using pure Ni powder (60 wt.%) blended with alpha-Al(2)O(3) (40 wt.%) as feedstock. It is expected to be applied to repair the bellows eroded by the liquid droplet erosion (LDE). Microstructure of the coating was observed using optical microscope (OM) and scanning electron microscopy (SEM). Microhardness of the coating was determined by Vickers hardness tester. Cavitation erosion (CE) experiments were carried out in the distilled water. Jet impingement erosion (JIE) experiments were performed in slurry containing 1 wt.% quartz particle with the flow velocity of 15 m/s at impingement angles of 30 degrees, 60 degrees and 90 degrees, respectively. Cumulative mass loss vs. testing time was used to evaluate the erosion rate of the coating. The erosion mechanism was analyzed by OM, SEM, X-ray diffraction (XRD) and the microhardness measurement. The results show that the composite coating has compact microstructure and relatively high hardness. The resistance to CE of the coating is not as good as that of Inconel 600 substrate due to the weak bonds of the Al(2)O(3) particles. However, the results of the JIE test indicate that the slurry erosion resistance of the coating is better than that of Inconel 600 at the impact angles of 30 degrees and 60 degrees, but not at the normal impact angle. (C) 2011 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

关键词: large powder particles;composite coatings;slurry erosion;kinetic;spray;liquid impact;alloy;microstructure;steels;deposition;resistance


许传龙 , 王式民



关键词: 颗粒静电 , 静电传感器 , 气-固两相流 , Hilbert-Huang变换

Shock compression of monocrystalline copper: Experiments, characterization, and analysis

Materials Science and Engineering a-Structural Materials Properties Microstructure and Processing

Monocrystalline copper samples with [001] and [221] orientations were subjected to shock/recovery experiments at 30 and 57 GPa and 90 K. The slip system activity and the microstructural evolution were investigated. Different defect structures, including dislocations, stacking faults, twins, microbands, and recrystallized grains were observed in the specimens. The residual microstructures were dependent on crystalline orientation and pressure. The differences with crystalline orientations are most likely due to different resolved shear stresses on specific crystalline planes. The geometric relationships between the shock propagation direction and crystalline orientation are presented under uniaxial strain. It is shown that the [2 2 11 orientation, by virtue of having fewer highly activated slip systems, exhibits greater concentration of deformation with more intense shear on the primary system. This, in turn leads to greater local temperature rise and full recrystallization, in spite of the thermodynamic residual temperature of similar to 500 K and rapid cooling (within 20 s) to ambient temperature. The profuse observation of microbands is interpreted in terms of the mechanism proposed by Huang and Gray [J.C. Huang, G.T. Gray III, Acta Metallurgica 37 (1989) 3335-3347]. (C) 2009 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

关键词: Shock compression;Shock loading;Slip bands;Microtwins;Microbands;strain rate history;single-crystals;grain-size;constitutive;description;plastic-deformation;mechanical response;deformed metals;loaded nickel;substructure;recrystallization


涂娜 , 江向平 , 李小红 , 傅小龙 , 杨帆


采用传统固相法制备了(1-x)Bi4Ti3 O12-xSrBi2 Nb2 O9(BIT-SBN,x=0,0.025,0.050,0.100,0.150,0.200)铋层状无铅压电陶瓷.系统研究了SrBi2 Nb2 O9掺杂对Bi4Ti3 O12基陶瓷物相结构、微观结构以及jie电性能的影响.结果表明:所有陶瓷样品均为单一的铋层状结构;当SBN掺量为0.100时,样品具有最佳的电性能:d33=21 pC/N,相对密度ρ =98.1%,机电耦合系数kp=8.26%,εr=220,介电损耗tanδ =0.29%,剩余极化强度Pr=9.128 μC/cm2,Tc=594℃.同时,SBN的引入增强了样品的抗老化性和热稳定性.

关键词: Bi4Ti3O12 , SrBi2Nb2O9 , 铋层状 , 铁电陶瓷 , 介电性能

Mean-field theory for ferroelectricity in Ca(3)CoMnO(6)

Physical Review B

An elastic Ising model for CoMnO(6) chain is proposed to explain the ferroelectricity induced by collinear magnetic order in Ca(3)CoMnO(6), and then a mean-field theory with interchain spin interactions based on this model is developed. With inclusion of the dynamics of polarization domains at finite temperature, we address the rationality of our theory by the good agreement of the calculated electric polarization and dielectric susceptibility with the reported data on Ca(3)Co(2-x)Mn(x)O(6) (x approximate to 0.96) [Y. J. Choi, H. T. Yi, S. Lee, Q. Huang, V. Kiryukhin, and S.-W. Cheong, Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 047601 (2008)], a typical diatomic Ising spin chain system, while the predicted magnetic susceptibility shows some difference from experiment, the reason of which is discussed.

关键词: calcium compounds;cobalt compounds;dielectric polarisation;ferroelectricity;Ising model;magnetic susceptibility;multiferroics;optical susceptibility;one-dimensional oxides;magnetic-properties;multiferroics;ca3co1+xmn1-xo6

Lu-induced orthorhombic phase in polycrystalline La0.7Sr0.3MnO3

Physica B-Condensed Matter

Polycrystalline La0.5Lu0.2Sr0.3MnO3 samples prepared by thermal decomposition are investigated by means of electron diffraction and high-resolution transmission electron microscopy. Besides rhombohedral La0.7Sr0.3MnO3 phase (R-phase) and hexagonal LuMnO3 phase (H-phase) reported by Huang, unexpectedly, an orthorhombic lattice (O-phase) with space group Pnma is observed in the interior of R-phase grain. The lattice parameters of the orthorhombic unit cell are a(o) = 5.44 angstrom, b(o) = 7.65 angstrom and c(o) = 5.48 angstrom The formation of O-phase results from a(-)b(+)a(-) type orthorhombic distortion of MnO6 octahedra induced by partial substitution of Lu3+ for La3+. Meanwhile, based on image simulation of the interface between R and O-phases, the atomic bonding on the interface is particularly discussed. (c) 2005 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

关键词: orthorhombic lattice;octahedral;substitution;atomic bonding;la0.7-xluxsr0.3mno3 perovskites;transport-properties;magnetoresistance;films

Effects of A-site doping on microstructure and phase separation of La0.5RE0.2Sr0.3MnO3 (RE=Eu, Ho, Yb, Lu)

Materials Letters

Phase separation and microstructure of La0.7Sr0.3MnO3 doped with rare earth elements (Eu, Ho, Yb and Lu) are studied using X-ray diffraction (XRD) and transmission electron microscopy (TEM). Composition and diffraction analyses demonstrate that the ionic radius of doping element plays an important role in the crystalline structure and the lattice constants of the secondary phase. When La 3 is replaced partly by Eu3+ or Ho3+, orthorhombic perovskite structure with space group Pnma is formed due to the distortion Of MnO6 octahedra. Different from the phenomenon observed by Huang et al., however, the hexagonal non-perovskite structure (YbMnO3 and LuMnO3) has appeared when La3+ and Sr2+ are substituted completely by Lu or Yb (c) 2005 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

关键词: ionic radius;crystalline structure;lattice constants;orthorhombic;perovskite;hexagonal non-perovskite;magnetoresistance;perovskites;films


陈伟 , 卢子兴

复合材料学报 doi:10.13801/j.cnki.fhclxb.20151204.002

基于 Huang(北京大学)和 Wang(北京大学)的理论和热力学第二定律,研究了有限变形下闭孔泡沫铝的非线性压缩行为。通过引入内变量及内变量的演化方程,给出了有限变形下同时考虑细观结构参数和黏性效应的有效幂律势函数及相应的应力表达式。基于所提出的理论模型,通过算例讨论了细观力学方法、孔隙度和黏性效应对泡沫铝应力-应变曲线的影响规律。结果表明:模型预测与实验结果基本一致,且随着黏性系数的增大,考虑黏性效应的模型预测趋向于未考虑黏性效应时的模型预测。

关键词: 球形闭孔高密度泡沫铝 , 有限变形 , 有效幂律势函数 , 非线性力学行为 , 黏性

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