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EFFECT OF SPECIMEN SIZE ON J_R RESISTANCE CURVE

H.P. Chen and Z.J. Deng (State Key Lab. for Mechanical Behavior of Materials , Xi'an Jiaotong University , Xi'an 710049 , China)

金属学报(英文版)

The effect of specimen thinkness on JR resistance curve has been investigated using low and middle strength steels. As the J dominance regime is reached, the initial J-integral values, J(i), are definite even if the elastic component Ji(e) and plastic component Ji(p)vary with the thinkness of specimen. The wider the specimen width, the larger the Ji(e)/Ji and the smaller the Ji(p)/Ji. The crack propagation resistance, dJR/da and dJp/da, decreases, while dJe/da increases linearly with increasing specimen thinness.Based on the above experimental results, an empirical formula dJ/da = α+β. B is given, which can be used to evaluate the safety of practical structural components.A modified J-integral is presented, upon which a new view is Put forward that the increase in crack growth resistance is induced mainly by the increase in the plastic J-integral component with the crack propagation,

关键词: : fracture mechanics , null , null , null

加载速率对20g钢高温断裂韧性的影响

张淑佳 , 卢炎麟 , 任立义 , 洪起超

金属学报

对20 g钢高温断裂韧性随加载速率的变化规律进行了实验研究.在400℃和500℃下,分别测量了几种加载速率下20 g钢的Ji值.实验结果表明:Ji值随应变速率的增大而有较大幅度的降低;在同一应变速率下,400℃时的Ji值小于500℃时的Ji值;400℃时裂纹扩展比500℃时更快.因此,当温度在400℃附近时更应注意避免超载.

关键词: 断裂韧性 , null , null

加载速率对20g钢高温断裂韧性的影响

张淑佳 , 卢炎麟 , 任立义 , 洪起超

金属学报 doi:10.3321/j.issn:0412-1961.2002.07.010

对20 g钢高温断裂韧性随加载速率的变化规律进行了实验研究.在400℃和500℃下,分别测量了几种加载速率下20 g钢的Ji值.实验结果表明:Ji值随应变速率的增大而有较大幅度的降低;在同一应变速率下,400℃时的Ji值小于500℃时的Ji值;400℃时裂纹扩展比500℃时更快.因此,当温度在400℃附近时更应注意避免超载.

关键词: 断裂韧性 , 加载速率 , 高温

复合材料层合壳体的三维本构方程

杨宜谦

玻璃钢/复合材料 doi:10.3969/j.issn.1003-0999.1999.04.002

本文推导出了复合材料层合壳体的三维本构方程,修正了Reddy和Liu论文中的错误.

关键词: 复合材料 , 壳体 , 三维本构方程

基于遗传算法的MIVM预测合金溶液组元活度

周兰花 , 陶东平 , 曾富洪

稀有金属 doi:10.3969/j.issn.0258-7076.2011.04.011

在求解分子相互作用体积模型(MIVM)中的分子对位能参数B(ij),B(ji)时,为避免出现计算超量问题,基于遗传算法,提出了一种新算法--多个体参与交叉遗传算法,并给出了新算法的实现方案.在新算法中,采用了轮盘选种法与优秀个体保存、多个体参与交叉和多点变异等策略;选择B(ij),B(ji)个体时,按照适应度函数值愈大,个体被选中的概率愈大的原则,选择二元合金溶液中一组元活度的计算值与实验测定值之间偏差(σ)建立的适应度函数f(x)最大为优化目标.采用Matlab软件编制新算法下的B(ij),B(ji)计算程序,并分别求算了Cd-Bi,Cd-Pb,Cd-Sn,Bi-Pb,Bi-Sn,Pb-Sn等6组二元合金溶液在773 K下合金溶液的参数B(ij),B(ji)优化值.由B(ij),B(ji)计算优化值和其他一些资料数据,使用MIVM进一步预测773 K下Cd-Bi-Pb,Cd-Bi-Sn,Cd-Pb-Sn,Cd-Bi-Pb-Sn多元合金溶液中组元Cd的活度,模型预测值与实验测定值之间的相对误差低于4.6%,偏差低于0.022,两者吻合很好.结果表明,所提出的多个体参与交叉遗传算法为求解MIVM中的参数B(ij),B(ji)提供了一种有力工具,从而也能提高MIVM对多元合金溶液中组元活度的预测效果.

关键词: MIVM模型 , 分子对位能参数Bij , Bji , 遗传算法 , 活度

聚醛/蒙脱土纳米复合材料非等温结晶动力学研究

徐卫兵 , 戈明亮 , 何平笙

应用化学 doi:10.3969/j.issn.1000-0518.2001.09.011

用熔融插层法制备聚甲醛/蒙脱土纳米复合材料,用X射线衍射研究聚甲醛及复合材料的微观结构,表明复合材料是纳米复合材料.用DSC法研究其非等温结晶行为,对所得数据分别用Jeziorny法、Ozawa法和Liu法进行处理.结果表明,Jeziorny法和Liu法处理非等温结晶过程比较理想.聚甲醛及聚甲醛/有机蒙脱土纳米复合材料的结晶活化能分别为334.6和196.9 kJ/mol,说明有机蒙脱土的加入,降低了聚甲醛的结晶活化能,且t1/z缩短,起到了异相成核的作用.

关键词: 聚甲醛 , 蒙脱土 , 纳米复合材料 , 非等温结晶动力学

聚丙烯/凹凸棒土纳米复合材料的非等温结晶动力学

王平华 , 徐国永

应用化学 doi:10.3969/j.issn.1000-0518.2004.08.007

用熔融复合法制备聚丙烯/凹凸棒土纳米复合材料,用DSC法研究其非等温结晶行为,对所得的数据分别用Jeziorny法、Ozawa法和Liu法进行处理.结果表明,Jeziorny法和Liu法处理非等温结晶过程比较理想.聚丙烯及聚丙烯/凹凸棒土纳米复合材料的结晶活化能分别为194.1和162.8 kJ/mol,表明凹凸棒土的加入,降低了聚丙烯的结晶活化能,且t1/2缩短,起到了异相成核作用.

关键词: 聚丙烯 , 凹凸棒土 , 纳米复合材料 , 非等温结晶动力学

Reply to Comments on "Interdiffusion in the beta phase region of the Ni-Al-Cr system"

Scripta Materialia

A recent comment on a previously published paper addressed the invalid explanation of the off diagonal interdiflusion coefficients of the beta-Ni(Al,Cr) phase in the Ni-Cr-Al system according to the symmetric property of the thermodynamic matrix. In this paper, the experimental data presented by Hou et al. was reanalyzed and the interdiffusion coefficient matrix was estimated again. The results of the analysis have been discussed in terms of a brief reply to the comments of Liu and Liang. (C) 2010 Acta Materialia Inc. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

关键词: Diffusion;Intermetallic compound;Ni-Cr-Al

PET-PEE/ATO纳米复合材料的非等温结晶动力学

邓超 , 邵玮 , 李春忠

高分子材料科学与工程

采用元机纳米锑掺杂二氧化锡(ATO)和有机聚醚酯(PEE)协同提高聚时苯二甲酸乙二酯(PET)的抗静电性能,合成了聚对苯二甲酸乙二酯-聚醚酯/锑掺杂二氧化锡纳米复合材料(PET-PEE/ATO).使用Czawa方程和Liu-Mo方程研究了PET-PEE/ATO纳米复合材料的非等温结晶过程.Ozawa方程研究发现,在非等温结晶过程中,PET、PET-PEE、PET/ATO、PET-PEE/ATO的成核性能依次提高.Liu-Mo方程发现,ATO和PEE的加入分别促进了异相成核作用和加快了结晶生长,PET-PEE/ATO结晶成核性能最好,结晶速率最快.

关键词: 聚对苯二甲酸乙二酯 , 有机聚醚酯 , 无机纳米锑掺杂二氧化锡 , 纳米复合材料 , 非等温结晶动力学

Effect of Enhanced Plasma Density on the Properties of Aluminium Doped Zinc Oxide Thin Films Produced by DC Magnetron Sputtering

Jun Gong

材料科学技术(英)

Aluminum doped zinc oxide (AZO) thin films were prepared by DC magnetron sputtering at low substrate temperature. A coaxial solenoid coil was placed near the magnetron target to enhance the plasma density (Ji). The enhanced plasma density improved significantly the bulk resistivity (ρ) and its homogeneity in spatial distribution of AZO films. X-ray diffraction (XRD) analysis revealed that the increased Ji had influenced the crystallinity, stress relaxation and other material properties. The AZO films deposited in low plasma density (LPD) mode showed marked variation in ρ (ranging from ~6.5×10-2 to 1.9×10-3 ­Ω·cm), whereas those deposited in high plasma density (HPD) mode showed a better homogeneity of films resistivity (ranging from ~1.3×10-3 to 3.3×10-3 ­Ω·cm) at different substrate positions. The average visible transmittance in the wavelength range of 500−800 nm was over 80%, irrespective of the deposition conditions. The atomic force microscopy (AFM) surface morphology showed that AZO films deposited in HPD mode were smoother than that in LPD mode. The high plasma density produced by the coaxial solenoid coil improved the electrical property, surface morphology and the homogeneity in spatial distribution of AZO films deposited at low substrate temperature.

关键词: Sputtering

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