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Two-step magnetization in a spin-chain system on the triangular lattice: Wang-Landau simulation

Physical Review B

The Wang-Landau algorithm is used to study the thermodynamic and magnetic properties of triangular spin-chain system based on two-dimensional Ising model in order to understand the magnetic-order dynamics in Ca(3)Co(2)O(6) compound. The calculated results demonstrate that the equilibrium state of the rigid spins produces the two-step magnetization curve at low temperature even when the random-exchange term is considered. This work indicates that the four-step magnetization behavior observed experimentally must be due to the nonequilibrium magnetization.

关键词: calcium compounds;exchange interactions (electron);Ising model;magnetisation;thermodynamics;one-dimensional ca3co2o6;density-of-states;compound ca3co2o6;phase-diagram;proteins;crystal

Ion sputter erosion in metallic glass-A response to "Comment on: Homogeneity of Zr(64.13)Cu(15.75)Ni(10.12)Al(10) bulk metallic glass" by L-Y. Chen, Y-W. Zeng, Q-P. Cao, B-J. Park, Y-M. Chen, K. Hono, U. Vainio, Z-L. Zhang, U. Kaiser, X-D. Wang, and J-Z Jiang J. Mater. Res. 24, 3116 (2009)

Journal of Materials Research

The morphology of the dark and bright regions observed by transmission electron microscopy for the Zr(64.13)Cu(15.75)Ni(10.12)Al(10) bulk metallic glass strongly depends on the ion beam parameters used for ion milling. This indicates that the ion beam could introduce surface fluctuation to metallic glasses during ion milling.

关键词: room-temperature

TRACKING OBSERVATION ON SUBSURFACE CRACK IN BEARING STEEL GCr15 UNDER ROLLING CONTACT

CHEN Longqing Zhengzhou Institute of Technology , Zhengzhou , China CHEN Qing Luoyang Institute of Technology , Luoyang , China

金属学报(英文版)

Based on the sequent tracking observation on spalling of steel GCr15 under rolling contact fa- tigue,an expression for estimating the propagation of subsurface cracks was derived.The rol- ling contact fatigue life was found to be markedly related to the subsurface crack propagation angle.A new explanation of reason why the rolling contact fatigue life can be prolonged by residual compressive stress and retained austenite was advanced.

关键词: contact fatigue , null , null , null , null

Influence of Rolling Reductions on Recrystallization Texture in Commercially Pure Al

MAO Weimin University of Science and Technology , Beijing , 100083 , China.

材料科学技术(英)

The recrystallization texture in commercially pure Al is investigated after the samples are rolled differently and annealed.The samples with low rol- ling reductions could be generally recovered or recrystallized in situ and characterized by the re- tained G{110}<001>component.This recovery process decreases during annealing with the increase of reduction.The appearance of the B/R{359}. <132>and R{123}<634>components de- pending on the rolling reduction is investigated and the less developed Cube{100}<001>component in commercially pure ahninium is also discussed.

关键词: recrystallization , null , null , null

Intergrain interaction, coercivity and Henkel plot for NdFeB magnets

Ruwei GAO , Wei CHEN , Jiancheng ZHANG , Weicun FONG , Wei LI , Xiumei LI

材料科学技术(英)

For both sintered and nanocomposite NdFeB magnets, deltaM(H) of the Henkel plot increases from zero, and reaches a peak, then decreases and changes to the negative values with increasing applied field. This shows that the intergrain interaction changes from the exchange-coup ling type into the magnetostatic interaction type. The magnetic field corresponding to the peak of deltaM(H) is slightly smaller than the coercivity of magnet. The peak of deltaM(H) for aligned sintered magnet is greater than that for misaligned magnet. deltaM(H) peak of the nanocomposite NdFeB magnets increases with decreasing grain sizes. It indicates that the effect of alignment field on the properties of magnet is similar to that of exchange-coupling interaction.

关键词:

INFLUENCE OF SURFACE HARDENING ON CONTACT FATIGUE LIFE OF NODULAR CAST IRON

TAO Zengyi LUO Jiaming Huazhong University of Science and Technology , Wuhan , China TAO Zengyi , Faculty of Metallic Materials , Dept.of Mechanical Engineering No.2 , Huazhong University of Science and Technology , Wuhan 430074 , China

金属学报(英文版)

The influence of laser surface melting and induction hardening on the surface structure,con- tact fatigue life and failure behaviour of the nodular cast iron has been investigated.The con- tact fatigue life can be improved by both laser treatment and induction hardening,but the fail- ure process and type are different from each other.The former is due to lumpy and deep spal- ling caused by crack propagation between the quenching zone and the substrate,and the latter is due to nubby and surface flaking caused by the oil wedged action into surface cracks.

关键词: surface hardening , null , null , null

Effect of interstitial hydrogen on cohesive strength of Al grain boundary with Mg segregation

材料科学技术(英)

The effect of interstitial hydrogen on the cohesion of the Al Sigma=11(113) grain boundary (GB) is investigated based on the thermodynamic model of Rice-Wang using the first-principles density function calculation. The results indicate that interstitial H behaves as an embrittler from "strengthening energy" analysis. The reduced GB cohesion due to the presence of H at the GB is attributed to the low affinity between H and Al, and the weakened bonding of Al atomic pairs perpendicular to GB plane.

关键词: hydrogen;grain boundary;Al-Mg alloys;pseudopotentials;1st-principles

Effect of Interstitial Hydrogen on Cohesive Strength of Al Grain Boundary with Mg Segregation

Xiaoguang LIU , Xiaowei WANG

材料科学技术(英)

The effect of interstitial hydrogen on the cohesion of the Al ∑=11(113) grain boundary (GB) is investigated based on the thermodynamic model of Rice-Wang using the first-principles density function calculation. The results indicate that interstitial H behaves as an embrittler from "strengthening energy" analysis. The reduced GB cohesion due to the presence of H at the GB is attributed to the low affinity between H and Al, and the weakened bonding of Al atomic pairs perpendicular to GB plane.

关键词: Hydrogen , null , null

热障涂层皱曲的力学模型研究进展

刘云川 , 李志华 , 李爱明

材料导报

在EB-PVD/(NiPt)Al涂层中存在皱曲(Rumpling)现象 ,导致涂层的早期失效.综述了皱曲(Rump-ling)力学模型的研究进展,主要包括3个方面的问题:皱曲的力学模型、数值计算方法研究现状;皱曲的机理及力学模型研究中存在的问题和不足;进一步研究皱曲机理并改进模型的途径.提出了在粘结层晶体尺度内棘轮效应与热扩散间存在耦合作用的设想,并认为这种耦合作用是形成皱曲的根本原因.

关键词: 热障涂层 , 皱曲 , 力学模型 , 棘轮效应 , 循环塑性

EFFECT OF LIQUID FLOW ON PRIMARY ARM SPACING OF CONSTRAINED COLUMNAR CRYSTALS

LIU Shan LU Deyang HUANG Tao ZHOU Yaohe National Lab of Solidification Processing , Northwestern Polytechnical University , Xi'an , China LIU Shan , lecturer , National Laboratory of Solidification Processing , Northwestern Polytechnical University , Xi'an 710072 , China

金属学报(英文版)

An experimental apparatus,which has a convection generator and an aid-heater,is developed for the study of the effect of stable laminar liquid flow on the directional solidification process by the use of transparent alloy SCN-2wt-% Ace.The flow is perpendicular to primary arms. By in-situ observation and photographing at different specific moments,it has been found that such a flow can cause a great change in primary spacings of constrained columnar crystals:for cells,the spacings become smaller;but for dendrites,they become larger.The former is mainly due to the tilted growth of upstreamside branches,while the latter is mainly due to the coup- ling effect of liquid flow with solutal field around dendrite tips.The faster the liquid flows,the further smaller the cell spacing and the further larger the dendrite spacing.

关键词: forced liquid flow , null , null , null

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