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MY-9易碎材料在武器系统上的应用

孙甫

宇航材料工艺 doi:10.3969/j.issn.1007-2330.2002.02.006

介绍了MY-9易碎材料在武器系统上的成功应用.文中以实物和试验数据阐述了MY-9材料的易碎、密封、承压、耐侯和工艺等特性以及在研制导弹发射筒易碎盖和管路密封盖方面的经验.

关键词: MY-9材料 , 易碎材料 , 仿瓷材料 , 易碎盖

MY准则解析受均布载荷简支斜板极限载荷

章顺虎 , 赵德文 , 张雷 , 高彩茹 , 王国栋

材料科学与工艺

为了得到斜板极限载荷的解析解,用平均屈服(MY)准则,对受均布载荷的简支金属斜板进行了塑性极限分析.首次获得MY准则下斜板极限载荷的解析解,该解是斜板几何参数长l1,宽l2以及长宽夹角θ的函数.研究表明:随着θ的增大,极限载荷先增大而后减小;斜板面积增加,极限载荷减小.得到了菱形、矩形和方形板的解析解,并将方形板的解析解与Tresca、Mises以及TSS提供的极限载荷进行比较,对比表明:方板的极限载荷与边长成反比关系,Tresca屈服准则提供极限载荷的下限,TSS屈服准则提供上限,MY准则预测结果恰居二者中间,且最靠近Mises解.

关键词: MY准则 , 斜板 , 方板 , 平面应力 , 极限载荷

MY准则解析有外端的平锤头准三维锻造

赵德文 , 邓伟 , 秦小梅 , 刘相华 , 王国栋

材料科学与工艺

采用Juneja速度场解析考虑外端影响的准三维平锤头锻造问题.为了对Mises屈服准则内部成形功率积分线性化,采用平均屈服准则(MY准则)得到了上界功率的解析解,并提出了鼓形参数α的测量公式与应力状态影响系数的计算公式.经纯铅试样的带外端压缩实验,在1≤b_0/h_0≤4范围内,应力状态系数n_σ随b_0/h_0 与摩擦因子m增加而增加;以MY准则计算的锻造力与实测结果进行了比较,误差在0.07%~15.2%,锻造力的计算结果高于实测结果.利用本文公式测量的鼓形参数α值小于优化的α值.

关键词: MY准则 , 单位体积塑性功率 , 准三维锻造 , 外端 , 解析解

Effect of Doping and High-Temperature Annealing on the Structural and Electrical Properties of Zn1-XNiXO(0≤X≤0.15) Powders

Hakan Colak

材料科学技术(英)

This paper reported the synthesis, crystal structure and electrical conductivity properties of Ni-doped ZnO powders (i.e. Zn1-XNiXObinary system, X=0, 0.0025, 0.005, 0.0075 and in the range 0.01≤X≤0.15). I-phase samples, which were indexed as single phase with a hexagonal (wurtzite) structure in the Zn1-XNiXObinary system, were determined by X-ray diffraction (XRD). The widest range of the I-phase was determined as 0≤X≤0.03 at 1200°C; above this range the mixed phase was observed. The impurity phase was determined as NiO when compared with standard XRD data, using the PDF program. We focused on single I-phase ZnO samples which were synthesized at 1200°C because of the widest range of solubility limit at this temperature. It was observed that the lattice parameters a and c of the I-phase decreased with Ni doping concentration. The morphology of the I-phase samples was analyzed with a scanning electron microscope. The electrical conductivity of the pure ZnO and single I-phase samples were studied by using the four-probe dc method at temperatures between 100 and 950°C in air atmosphere. The electrical conductivity values of pure ZnO and 3 mol% Ni-doped ZnO samples at 100°C were 2×10-6 and 4.8×10-6Ω-1?cm-1, and at 950°C they were 1.8 and 3.6Ω-1?cm-1, respectively. In other words, electrical conductivity increased with Ni doping concentration.

关键词: II-VI semiconductors

Acoustic emission inspection of Portevin-Le Chatelier effect and deformation mechanisms of two Mg-Li-Al alloys

Journal of Materials Science

In this paper, Portevin-Le Chatelier (PLC) effect of LA41 magnesium alloy is reported. With increasing strain rate, both ultimate tensile stresses (sigma(b)) and 0.2% proof (sigma(0.2)) stresses increase, while serrations become less severe. Major acoustic emission (AE) peaks appear at the end of elastic region, and transform to burst type signals in the plastic range. In another alloy containing less Li (LA11), serrations are absent and major AE peak values are considerably lowered. Additionally, PLC effect disappears in LA41 after annealing. The role of twins is discussed in details. Actual causes for AE activity during deformation are also proposed.

关键词: tensile deformation;magnesium alloys;bands;az31

Mathematical Analysis on the Uniqueness of Reverse Algorithm for Measuring Elastic-plastic Properties by Sharp Indentation

Yongli Huang

材料科学技术(英)

The reverse analysis provides a convenient method to determine four elastic-plastic parameters through an indentation curve such as Young's modulus E, hardness H, yield strength σy and strain hardening exponent n. In this paper, mathematical analysis on a reverse algorithm from Dao model (Dao et al., Acta Mater., 2001, 49, 3899) was carried out, which thought that only when 20&le;E*0:033&le;26and 0.3<n&le;0.5, the reverse algorithm would yield two solutions of n by dimensionless function Π2. It is shown that, however, there are also two solutions of n when 20&le;E*0:033&le;26 and 0&le;n<0.1. A unique n can be obtained by dimensionless function Π3 instead of Π2 in these two ranges. E and H can be uniquely determined by a full indentation curve, and σy can be determined if n is unique. Furthermore, sensitivity analysis on obtaining n from dimensionless function Π3 or Π22 has been made.

关键词: Elastic-plastic properties , null , null , null , null

Mathematical Analysis on the Uniqueness of Reverse Algorithm for Measuring Elastic-plastic Properties by Sharp Indentation

Yongli Huang

材料科学技术(英)

The reverse analysis provides a convenient method to determine four elastic-plastic parameters through an indentation curve such as Young's modulus E, hardness H, yield strength σy and strain hardening exponent n. In this paper, mathematical analysis on a reverse algorithm from Dao model (Dao et al., Acta Mater., 2001, 49, 3899) was carried out, which thought that only when 20&le;E*0:033&le;26and 0.3<n&le;0.5, the reverse algorithm would yield two solutions of n by dimensionless function Π2. It is shown that, however, there are also two solutions of n when 20&le;E*0:033&le;26 and 0&le;n<0.1. A unique n can be obtained by dimensionless function Π3 instead of Π2 in these two ranges. E and H can be uniquely determined by a full indentation curve, and σy can be determined if n is unique. Furthermore, sensitivity analysis on obtaining n from dimensionless function Π3 or Π22 has been made.

关键词: Elastic-plastic properties , null , null , null , null

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