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强旋流中颗粒运动特性的直接数值模拟

桂南 , 樊建人 , 陈松

工程热物理学报

本文采用直接数值模拟计算了Re=669,S=1.42强旋流中的颗粒运动特性.计算的部分流动条件依照SommerfeId & Qiu的实验条件进行模化.模拟的结果揭示了旋流近场的颗粒运动的浓度、速度的时均量和脉动值的统计分布特性.

关键词: 旋流 , 颗粒运动 , 直接数值模拟 , 统计特性

Correctness and completeness of the theory of bio-energy transport Reply to the comments on "The theory of bio-energy transport in the protein molecules and its properties"

Physics of Life Reviews

Commentaries by Philip W.T. Pong, Nongyue He, S.D. Liang, Tao Song, Yuri Gaididei and Sergey Volkov and Alexander Y. Grosberg on my review article (Pang, 2011 [1]) are answered. The validity of Davydov's mechanism of bio-energy transport, the completeness of theory, outstanding problems, the normalization and validity of wave function of the system in Pang' model as well as other related problems are elucidated in detail. (C) 2011 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

关键词: biological temperature;3 channels;soliton;model

磷在12Cr1MoV钢中非平衡晶界偏聚动力学的实验研究

李莉 , 李庆芬 , 郑磊 , 徐庭栋 , 杜善义

钢铁研究学报

以工业用12Cr1MoV钢为研究对象,通过俄歇电子能谱分析方法(AES),对磷在恒温过程中的非平衡晶界偏聚浓度进行了测定.获得的磷在钢中的非平衡晶界偏聚动力学曲线直接验证了非平衡晶界偏聚动力学理论中的Xu-Song模型.

关键词: 晶界偏聚 , 临界时间 , 扩散 ,

Improving glass-forming ability of Mg-Cu-Y via substitutional alloying: Effects of Ag versus Ni

Journal of Materials Research

Based on the best bulk metallic glass (BMG) forming alloy in the Mg-Cu-Y ternary system, we introduced Ag (or Ni) to partially substitute for Cu to improve the glass-forming ability (GFA). The objective of this paper is twofold. First, we illustrate in detail a recently developed search strategy, which was proposed but only briefly outlined in our previous publication [H. Ma, L.L. Shi, J. Xu, Y. Li, and E. Ma: Discovering inch-diameter metallic glasses in three-dimensional composition space. Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 181915 (2005)]. The protocol to navigate in three-dimensional composition space to land large BMGs is spelled out step-by-step using the pseudo-ternary Mg-(Cu,Ag)-Y as the model system. Second, our ability to locate the best BMG former in the composition tetrahedron allows us to systematically examine, and conclude on, the effects of a given alloying element. The large improvement in glass-forming ability in the Mg-(Cu,Ag)-Y system relative to the based ternary will be contrasted with the reduced glass-forming ability in the Mg-(Cu,Ni)-Y pseudo ternary system. It is demonstrated that the improvement of glass-forming ability requires judicious choice of substitutional alloying elements and concentrations, rather than simple additions of multiple elements assuming the "confusion principle."

关键词: bulk metallic-glass;shaped copper mold;amorphous-alloys;thermal-stability;ternary-system;casting method;p system;diameter;zr;mm

基于角点增强改进的TL D目标跟踪算法

孙保基 , 张葆 , 宋策 , 龙思源

液晶与显示 doi:10.3788/YJYXS20163109.0921

针对TLD算法的特征点无法有效表述目标问题,提出了一种基于角点增强改进的TLD目标跟踪算法。改进算法在跟踪模块加入了对目标表述能力更强,具有光照不敏感性和旋转不变性的 Shi-Tomas 角点作为跟踪特征点。跟踪器运行时,在角点经光流法跟踪和双向误差检测后,利用剩余的稳定角点定位目标窗口。对照结果表明,改进算法在面对目标抖动和形变时可以稳定跟踪;有效抑制因跟踪平滑点造成的漂移现象;提高了跟踪的稳定性。针对 TLD算法跟踪过程中因在线模板积累造成的计算量持续增大、实时性持续降低的问题,提出了一种依据相似度中值的模板判断删除机制。该删除机制在模板积累到设定阈值时运行,根据模板与当前目标的相似度,删除不再具备代表性的模板;调整模板空间并更新模板数目。实验表明,该删除机制在应对模板更新快、持续时间长的跟踪情景时有效降低算法计算量,实时性可提高约20%。

关键词: 目标跟踪 , TLD , 角点特征 , 在线模板

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