Journal of Materials Research
The morphology of the dark and bright regions observed by transmission electron microscopy for the Zr(64.13)Cu(15.75)Ni(10.12)Al(10) bulk metallic glass strongly depends on the ion beam parameters used for ion milling. This indicates that the ion beam could introduce surface fluctuation to metallic glasses during ion milling.
Experimental data for critical exponents in some magnetic materials are compared with recent theoretical results on the three-dimensional (3D) Ising model, as derived by one of us (ZDZ) based on two conjectures [Z.D. Zhang, Conjectures on the exact solution of three-dimensional (3D) simple orthorhombic Ising lattices, Phil. Mag. 87 (2007), pp. 5309-5419]. It is found that critical exponents in some bulk magnetic materials indeed form a 3D Ising universality. Our attention is then focused on the critical indices at fluid-fluid phase transition. We suggest to use Zhang's exponent = 3/8 to fit the experimental data over the wider asymptotic region near the critical point of a fluid-fluid phase transition. The 3D Ising universality should exist for critical indices in a certain class of magnets and at fluid-fluid phase transition.
magnetically ordered materials;fluid-fluid;phase transitions;order-disorder effects;ferromagnetic curie temperature;liquid critical phenomena;x-ray-scattering;critical exponents;critical-point;coexistence;curves;binary-solutions;ionic-solutions;behavior;equation
The error of Equation (15b) in my article [Z.D. Zhang, Phil. Mag. 87 (2007) p.5309] in the application of the Jordan-Wigner transformation does not affect the validity of the putative exact solution, since the solution is not derived directly from that equation. Other objections of Perk's comment [J.H.H. Perk, Phil. Mag. 89 (2009) p.761] are the same as those in Wu et al.'s comments [F.Y. Wu et al., Phil. Mag. 88 (2008) p.3093; p.3103], which do not stand on solid ground and which I have sought to refute in my previous response [Z.D. Zhang, Phil. Mag. 88 (2008) p.3097]. The conjectured solution can be utilized to understand critical phenomena in various systems, whereas the conjectures are open to rigorous proof.
3D Ising model;exact solution;conjecture;critical phenomena;ferromagnetism;magnetic phase transition;model;analyticity
我们在磁场中分别测量了最佳掺杂的YBa2Cu3O7-δ、钙0.2掺杂的Y1-xCaxBa2Cu3O7-δ及钙0.5掺杂的Pr1-xCaxBa2Cu3O7-δ薄膜的电阻温度关系.利用最近Zhang et al. [Phys. Rev. B 71(2005), 052502 ]提出的热激活能的分析方法对薄膜的磁通特性进行了分析、比较与讨论.
N。1Atmospheric Corrosivlty for Steels………………………………………………… .LIANG Caideng HO[I i。-tat（6）Caustic Stress Corrosion Cr。king of Alloy 800 Part 2.The Effect of Thiosul执e……………………………………… KONG De-sheng YANG Wu ZHAO Guo-zheng HUANG De.ltL。ZHANG Yu。。he CHEN She。g-bac（13）SERS slid E16CttOCh6iniC81 Stlldy Of Illhibit1Oli M6ch＆tllsth Of ThlollY68 Oil ITOll ID H....
Physics Letters A
In a magnetic system, consistent with Griffiths analyticity requirements one can parameterize the equation of state near criticality by writing H = r(beta delta)h(theta), T = rt(theta) and the magnetization M = r(beta)m(theta), where T is measured from the critical temperature. For the insulating ferromagnet CrBr(3), the experimental data of Ho and Litster [J.T. Ho, J.D. Litster, Phys. Rev. Lett. 22 (1969) 6031 is well fitted by m(theta) as a linear function of theta [P. Schofield, J.D. Litster, J.T Ho, Phys. Rev. Lett. 23 (1969) 1098]. Also Ho and Litster give beta = 0.368, gamma = 1.215 and delta = 4.3. Those critical experiments are very close to the recent 31) king results of Zhang [Z.D. Zhang, Philos. Mag. 87 (2007) 5309], namely beta = 3/8, gamma = 5/4 and delta = 13/3. We therefore predict that m(theta) will be proportional to theta as a fingerprint of the 3D Ising Hamiltonian. (C) 2009 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Critical-point effects;Critical exponents;Ising model;Criticality;Ferromagnet;Magnetic equation of state;critical exponents
Based on the best bulk metallic glass (BMG) forming alloy in the Mg-Cu-Y ternary system, we introduced Ag (or Ni) to partially substitute for Cu to improve the glass-forming ability (GFA). The objective of this paper is twofold. First, we illustrate in detail a recently developed search strategy, which was proposed but only briefly outlined in our previous publication [H. Ma, L.L. Shi, J. Xu, Y. Li, and E. Ma: Discovering inch-diameter metallic glasses in three-dimensional composition space. Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 181915 (2005)]. The protocol to navigate in three-dimensional composition space to land large BMGs is spelled out step-by-step using the pseudo-ternary Mg-(Cu,Ag)-Y as the model system. Second, our ability to locate the best BMG former in the composition tetrahedron allows us to systematically examine, and conclude on, the effects of a given alloying element. The large improvement in glass-forming ability in the Mg-(Cu,Ag)-Y system relative to the based ternary will be contrasted with the reduced glass-forming ability in the Mg-(Cu,Ni)-Y pseudo ternary system. It is demonstrated that the improvement of glass-forming ability requires judicious choice of substitutional alloying elements and concentrations, rather than simple additions of multiple elements assuming the "confusion principle."
bulk metallic-glass;shaped copper mold;amorphous-alloys;thermal-stability;ternary-system;casting method;p system;diameter;zr;mm