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两种组织的Ren80高温合金的蠕变裂纹扩展行为

孙坚 , 张源虎 , 胡赓祥

金属学报

研究了定向凝固和普通铸造的Ren80合金在1123K静载荷下的蠕变裂纹扩展行为结果表明,Ren80合金蠕变裂纹扩展速率,可用应力强度因子较好地关联定向凝固合金蠕变裂纹与扩展速率较低,其应力强度因子指数约为普通铸造合金的1/2

关键词: 高温合金 , directional solidification , stress intensity factor , creep crack propagation , null

PM René 95合金涡轮盘等温锻造工艺的模拟式设计

张麦仓 , 董建新 , 曾燕屏 , 谢锡善 , 罗子健

金属学报

利用热力耦合有限元程序FORMT,对PM René 95合金中等尺寸(外径尺寸约为630 mm)涡轮盘的等温锻造工艺进行了模拟式设计.结果表明,采用TZM钼基合金模具,在1050℃以接近10-3s.的应变速率进行闭式模锻和开式模锻,模具材料均能满足使用要求,且开式模锻设备最大载荷不超过31×103kN;采用K21合金模具,在1000℃以相同条件等温成形,模具材料因变形热效应及边界摩擦引起温升而失效且所需设备吨位相对较大.

关键词: PM , null , null , null

电渣重熔连续定向凝固René88DT合金的组织与热变形行为

付锐 , 陈希春 , 任昊 , 冯涤

航空材料学报 doi:10.3969/j.issn.1005-5053.2011.3.002

自行设计开发了适合工业化生产高纯净,低偏析,无宏观缺陷铸锭的电渣重熔连续定向凝固技术(ESR-CDS)的设备和工艺,利用该技术成功制备了直径为φ150mm的René88DT合金定向凝周铸锭.采用XRD测试了定向凝固柱状晶的生长取向,结果表明,ESR-CDS René88DT铸锭柱状晶择优生长方向为<100>系晶向;ERS-CDS铸锭与传统ESR铸锭相比,枝晶组织生长方向保持一致,二次枝晶臂均匀细小,元素偏析程度低,且晶间一次析出相呈颗粒状,尺寸细小;等温热压缩实验结果表明,ESR-CDS René88DT合金热压缩试样在1100℃,0.0-50.1s-1应变速率下可达到70%以上压缩变形量并获得均匀细小的动态再结晶组织;ESR-CDS René88DT合金铸锭经等温锻造制备出了φ170mm×73mm的饼坯件,锻压变形量超过70%,饼坯件除上下两端的变形死区外均发生了动态再结晶,晶粒尺寸约50μm.

关键词: 电渣重熔连续定向凝固 , 热变形 , 动态再结晶

疲劳保载时间与固溶处理对PM René 95合金高温裂纹扩展速率的影响

李晓 , 董建新 , 张丽娜 , 张麦仓 , 胡尧和 , 谢锡善 , 国为民

金属学报

经不同固溶时效处理的PM René 95合金于650℃分别在蠕变、保载5和90 s疲劳载荷条件下进行了裂纹扩展速率实验.结果表明,相同热处理制度下,疲劳保载时间越长,裂纹扩展速率越高;相同载荷条件下,增加一次高温固溶并缓冷,有利于降低合金的裂纹扩展速率,且固溶温度越高裂纹扩展速率越低;1200℃一次固溶缓冷并于1160℃二次固溶热处理比1140℃一次固溶的裂纹扩展速率约降低一个数量级;基体晶粒尺寸适当加大,强化相粒子γ′c数量增加、形状趋于田字形,有利于降低裂纹扩展速率.

关键词: René , null , null

ON SPINODAL BOUNDARIES OF Al-Li ALLOYS

WEI Yinghui , WANG Xiaotian (School of Materials Scince and Engineering , Xi'an Jiaotong University , Xi'an 710049 , China Manuscript received 10 Mareh , 1994)

金属学报(英文版)

The spinodal decomposition can occur in Al-Li alloys containing 5.8-14.2 at.% Li at room temperature. The modutated structure wavelength is approximately 3.1 nm for com mercial Al-LI alloys. The limit composition of the miscibility gap is 3.66 -16.06 at.%Li at 298 K. The highest temperature of the miscibility gap is 377 K.

关键词: : Al-Li alloy , null , null

CRYSTAL STRUCTURE OF γ-Li_xFe_2O_3 WITH ELECTROCHEMICAL INSERTION OF Li

HUANG Jianshun CHEN Junming Shanghai Institute of Metallurgy , Academia Sinica , Shanghai , China Research Associate , Shanghai Institute of Metallurgy , Academia Sinica , Shanghai 200050 , China

金属学报(英文版)

Crystal structure of γ-Li_xFe_2O_3,inserted Li electrochemically,was studied by Moss- bauer spectroscopy together with X-ray diffraction,XPS and electrochemical method,On the insertion of Li at low current density,the crystal structure is keeping original spinel; while at higher current density or by thermal activation,owing to violent movement of Li~+ ions,part of crystal structure transforms into rock type similar to face-centered cubic structure of ferrous oxide.The transition channels during insertion of Li~+ ions and limitation of Li~+ ions inserted were discussed.

关键词: null , null , null

Al—Li合金的晶界断裂

姚大平 , 张匀 , 胡壮麒 , 李依依

材料研究学报

本文研究了两种晶粒组织的二元Al-Li 合金拉伸性能与断裂行为。结果表明Al-Li 合金力学性能与晶粒尺寸有关,其断裂行为决定于PFZ 内平面滑移或晶界沉淀相与滑移的交互作用。

关键词: Al—Li合金 , intergranular fracture , planar slip

Effect of Li(3)N additive on the hydrogen storage properties of Li-Mg-N-H system

Journal of Materials Research

The effect of Li(3)N additive on the Li-Mg-N-H system was examined with respect to the reversible dehydrogenation performance. Screening Study with varying Li(3)N additions (5, 10, 20, and 30 mol%) demonstrates that all are effective for improving the hydrogen desorption capacity. Optimally, incorporation of 10 mol% Li(3)N improves the practical capacity from 3.9 wt% to approximately 4.7 wt% hydrogen at 200 degrees C, which drives the dehydrogenation reaction toward completion. Moreover, the capacity enhancement persists well over 10 de-/rehydrogenation cycles. Systematic x-ray diffraction examinations indicate that Li(3)N additive transforms into LiNH(2) and LiH phases and remains during hydrogen cycling. Combined structure/property investigations suggest that the LiNH(2) "seeding" should be responsible for the capacity enhancement, which reduces the kinetic barrier associated with the nucleation of intermediate LiNH(2). In addition, the concurrent incorporation of LiH is effective for mitigating the ammonia release.

关键词: complex hydrides;improvement;mixtures;imides;amide;h-2

SUPERPLASTICITY OF A RAPIDLY SOLIDIFIED AI-Li ALLOY

MANG Weishi WANG Guozhi ZHANG Yongchang HU Zhuangqi SHI Changxu Institute of Metal Research , Academia Sinica , Shenyang , China Yongchang Associate Professor , Institute of Metal Research , Academia Sinica , Shenyang 110015 , China

金属学报(英文版)

A rapidly solidified microcrystalline Al-Li-Cu-Mg-Zr alloy and its superplasicity have been investigated.An optimum tensile elongation of 585% was obtained at 540℃ and strain rate 1.67×10~(-2)s~(-1).The superplastic Al-Li alloy is manufaetured using thermomechanical pro- cessing:solution,overaging,warm rolling and recrystallization.Microstructural changes in thermomechanical processing and cavitation occurred during superplastic deformation have been observed.The superplastic failure of alloy may be caused mainly by nucleation and growth of cavities as well as the linkage around grains.

关键词: superplasticity , null , null , null

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