欢迎登录材料期刊网

材料期刊网

高级检索

  • 论文(8)
  • 图书()
  • 专利()
  • 新闻()

Bioadaptive Nanorod Topography of Titanium Surface to Control Cell Behaviors and Osteogenic Differentiation of Preosteoblast Cells

Xu Shao , Zhou Zhiyu , Gao Manman , Zou Changye , Che Yinglin , Cody Bünger , Zou Xuenong , Zhou Lei

材料科学技术(英) doi:10.1016/j.jmst.2016.08.009

Titanium (Ti) nanorods fabricated using selective corrosion of Ti substrate by anodic technology show better biocompatibility with pre-osteoblast cells. The current study investigated the response of the murine pre-osteoblast cell MC3T3-E1 on Ti nanorod topography and untreated Ti surfaces by means of examination of the morphology and osteogenic differentiation responsible for the pre-osteoblast reaction. The morphology of MC3T3-E1 cells was observed using scanning electron microscopy, and alkaline phosphatase (ALP) activity was measured using a colorimetric assay after incubation for 7, 14, and 21 days. The expression of three osteogenic differentiation markers including ALP, osteocalcin (OCN), and collagen type 1A1 (COL1A1) and two transcription factors including runt related transcription factor 2 (Runx2) and osterix (Osx) at different time points was detected using real-time polymerase chain reaction analysis in both groups. Osx was used to confirm the protein level. The results showed that Ti nanorod surfaces provided prolonged higher levels of ALP activity compared with unmodified Ti surface on the 14th and 21st days. Gene expression analysis of ALP, OCN, and COL1A1 showed significant upregulation with modified nanorod topography after incubation for 14 and 21 days. Osteogenic transcription factors of Runx2 and Osx exhibited changes consistent with the osteogenic differentiation markers, and this may contribute to the persistently active differentiation of MC3T3-E1 cells in the Ti nanorod group. These results demonstrated that the current nanostructured surface may be considered bioadaptive topography to control cellular behaviors and osteoblast differentiation. The in vivo performance and applicability are further required to investigate osseointegration between implant and host bone in the early stages for prevention of aseptic implant loosening.

关键词: Titanium , Nanorods , Osteointegration , Osteoblast differentiation

On the Indeterminacy in Hardness of Shape Memory Alloys

F.T.Cheng

材料科学技术(英)

The present communication addresses an interesting problem related to the indeterminacy in hardness of superelastic NiTi reported by Xu et al. The origin of the indeterminacy is attributed to the inadequacy of the conventional Vickers hardness testing measurement which does not record elastic deformation, and thus the indeterminacy may be removed with suitable techniques. Concepts of hardness in relation to deformation are clarified. Recommendations for measuring the hardness of NiTi and other elastic-plastic materials are suggested, together with comments on the advantages and disadvantages of each of these methods.

关键词: Hardness , null , null , null , null , null

Broer-Kaup-Kupershmidt方程的新精确解

杨立娟 , 杨琼芬 , 杜先云

量子电子学报 doi:10.3969/j.issn.1007-5461.2012.02.003

CK方法是求解非线性发展方程的一种有效的直接方法.利用推广的CK方法,求得(2+1)维Broer-Kaup-Kupershmidt方程的Backlund公式,从而获得方程的大量新的精确解,推广了Xu和Zhang的结果.

关键词: 非线性发展方程 , Broer-Kaup-Kupershmidt方程 , 精确解 , CK方法 , Backlund变换

Thermodynamic analyses of strain-induced martensite transformation in Fe-7Mn-1.2C alloy

Jingpei XIE , Yaomin ZHU , Xiaoping WANG

材料科学技术(英)

The M-s temperature, Delta G(gamma-->alpha), Delta G(gamma-->M) and mechanical energy under a non-severe impact loading in a medium manganese steel (Fe-7Mn-1.2C) have been calculated by means of Xu's Fe-X-C model. The relation between the yield strength of austenite and the driving force for martensite transformation has been established. It is proved that the martensite transformation can take place in a medium manganese steel (Fe-7Mn-1.2C alloy) under a non-severe impact loading.

关键词:

磷在12Cr1MoV钢中非平衡晶界偏聚动力学的实验研究

李莉 , 李庆芬 , 郑磊 , 徐庭栋 , 杜善义

钢铁研究学报

以工业用12Cr1MoV钢为研究对象,通过俄歇电子能谱分析方法(AES),对磷在恒温过程中的非平衡晶界偏聚浓度进行了测定.获得的磷在钢中的非平衡晶界偏聚动力学曲线直接验证了非平衡晶界偏聚动力学理论中的Xu-Song模型.

关键词: 晶界偏聚 , 临界时间 , 扩散 ,

磁致双折射和二向色性对磁性液体薄片的光透射率弛豫特性的影响

陆樟献 , 龚雁 , 王渊明 , 王正才 , 陈善飞

功能材料与器件学报 doi:10.3969/j.issn.1007-4252.2012.01.005

基于Xu等人的经典振荡磁偶极子模型和Matsumoto等人给出的双折射驰豫理论,研究了磁致双折射和二向色性对磁性液体薄片的光透射率弛豫特性的影响.理论推导了磁性液体的双折射和二向色性函数的偏振光透射率具体表达式,并进行了数值模拟计算.该问题的研究对磁性液体光学各向异性的深入认识以及相关磁性液体光学器件的应用具有一定的指导意义.

关键词: 物理光学 , 双折射驰豫 , 二向色性驰豫 , 磁性液体 , 磁偶极子

Improving glass-forming ability of Mg-Cu-Y via substitutional alloying: Effects of Ag versus Ni

Journal of Materials Research

Based on the best bulk metallic glass (BMG) forming alloy in the Mg-Cu-Y ternary system, we introduced Ag (or Ni) to partially substitute for Cu to improve the glass-forming ability (GFA). The objective of this paper is twofold. First, we illustrate in detail a recently developed search strategy, which was proposed but only briefly outlined in our previous publication [H. Ma, L.L. Shi, J. Xu, Y. Li, and E. Ma: Discovering inch-diameter metallic glasses in three-dimensional composition space. Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 181915 (2005)]. The protocol to navigate in three-dimensional composition space to land large BMGs is spelled out step-by-step using the pseudo-ternary Mg-(Cu,Ag)-Y as the model system. Second, our ability to locate the best BMG former in the composition tetrahedron allows us to systematically examine, and conclude on, the effects of a given alloying element. The large improvement in glass-forming ability in the Mg-(Cu,Ag)-Y system relative to the based ternary will be contrasted with the reduced glass-forming ability in the Mg-(Cu,Ni)-Y pseudo ternary system. It is demonstrated that the improvement of glass-forming ability requires judicious choice of substitutional alloying elements and concentrations, rather than simple additions of multiple elements assuming the "confusion principle."

关键词: bulk metallic-glass;shaped copper mold;amorphous-alloys;thermal-stability;ternary-system;casting method;p system;diameter;zr;mm

出版年份

刊物分类

相关作者

相关热词