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Bio-Adaption between Magnesium Alloy Stent and the Blood Vessel: A Review

Ma Jun , Zhao Nan , Betts Lexxus , Zhu Donghui

材料科学技术(英) doi:10.1016/j.jmst.2015.12.018

Biodegradable magnesium (Mg) alloy stents are the most promising next generation of bio-absorbable stents. In this article, we summarized the progresses on the in vitro studies, animal testing and clinical trials of biodegradable Mg alloy stents in the past decades. These exciting findings led us to propose the importance of the concept “bio-adaption” between the Mg alloy stent and the local tissue microenvironment after implantation. The healing responses of stented blood vessel can be generally described in three overlapping phases: inflammation, granulation and remodeling. The ideal bio-adaption of the Mg alloy stent, once implanted into the blood vessel, needs to be a reasonable function of the time and the space/dimension. First, a very slow degeneration of mechanical support is expected in the initial four months in order to provide sufficient mechanical support to the injured vessels. Although it is still arguable whether full mechanical support in stented lesions is mandatory during the first four months after implantation, it would certainly be a safety design parameter and a benchmark for regulatory evaluations based on the fact that there is insufficient human in vivo data available, especially the vessel wall mechanical properties during the healing/remodeling phase. Second, once the Mg alloy stent being degraded, the void space will be filled by the regenerated blood vessel tissues. The degradation of the Mg alloy stent should be 100% completed with no residues, and the degradation products (e.g., ions and hydrogen) will be helpful for the tissue reconstruction of the blood vessel. Toward this target, some future research perspectives are also discussed.

关键词: Mg stent , Bio-adaptation , Vessel , Wound healing

采用NaN3燃烧合成高α相氮化硅粉体

王飞 , 沈卫平 , 葛昌纯

稀有金属材料与工程

采用燃烧合成方法,以NaN3作为固态氮化剂,制备了α相含量高达97%以上的氮化硅粉体.研究了外部氮气压力对于燃烧合成氮化硅粉体的影响.NaN3的加入主要是为燃烧合成反应提供了比N2分子更高化学活性的内部氮源(N3原子团和N原子),同时作为Si-N反应的催化剂,使Si粉在氮气中的燃烧合成反应更加容易进行.适量的NaN3加入能够促进Si粉的完全氮化并提高燃烧产物中的α-Si3N4含量.详细探讨了采用NaN3作为固态氮化剂条件下可能的氮化硅燃烧合成机理.

关键词: 燃烧合成 , NaN3 , 氮化硅

天然海水中NaN3对316L不锈钢表面微生物膜催化阴极氧还原的影响

聂鸳鸳 , 段继周 , 杜敏 , 侯保荣

中国腐蚀与防护学报 doi:10.11902/1005.4537.2013.160

利用荧光显微观察技术选择临界使用浓度的NaN3,分别在O2及N2气氛下采用循环伏安及电化学阻抗技术研究其氧还原过程的电化学行为.结果表明,不锈钢表面的生物膜能够加大还原峰电流密度值,当使用临界浓度的NaN3处理不锈钢试样后,还原峰值明显减小,且峰电位均负移.微生物膜能够促进电子传递给最终电子受体O2,同时降低不锈钢材料发生腐蚀的可能性.由此推测,天然海水中,316L不锈钢表面微生物膜改变了传统阴极氧还原的电子传递途径,即加速了O2作为最终电子受体的电子传递过程,催化了O2的还原;同时,还能够抑制不锈钢材料的腐蚀.

关键词: 天然海水 , 316L不锈钢 , NaN3 , 微生物膜 , 细胞色素c氧化酶 , 氧还原

1998 COMPREHENSIVE TABLE OF CONTENTS

中国腐蚀与防护学报

N。1Atmospheric Corrosivlty for Steels………………………………………………… .LIANG Caideng HO[I i。-tat(6)Caustic Stress Corrosion Cr。king of Alloy 800 Part 2.The Effect of Thiosul执e……………………………………… KONG De-sheng YANG Wu ZHAO Guo-zheng HUANG De.ltL。ZHANG Yu。。he CHEN She。g-bac(13)SERS slid E16CttOCh6iniC81 Stlldy Of Illhibit1Oli M6ch&tllsth Of ThlollY68 Oil ITOll ID H....

关键词:

Noncollinear magnetic ground state of PrFeAsO

Europhysics Letters

Noncollinear magnetic investigations of the ground state in PrFeAsO have been performed by the density-functional theory. We calculated the total energy and made structure optimization, and the electronic density of states of PrFeAsO was analyzed. There are three different magnetic structures in PrFeAsO defined by experiments. Based on these magnetic structures, we studied four collinear and four noncollinear cases. The ground state is found to take the ordering proposed by Zhao, in which the FeAs plane is of stripe antiferromagnetism and Pr spins are perpendicular to Fe spins. The electronic density of states indicates that for PrFeAsO the increase of the electron Coulomb interaction leads to a decrease in conductivity. Copyright (C) EPLA, 2011

关键词: high-temperature superconductivity;phase-diagram;oxypnictides;instability

纳米Al2O3对尼龙6结晶性能的影响

张玉庆 , 钟明强 , 蔡伟乐 , 蒋东升

高分子材料科学与工程

采用硅烷偶联剂KH-560对纳米氧化铝( nano-Al2O3)进行表面处理后与尼龙6(PA6)熔融共混制备PA6/nan-Al2O3复合材料,用扫描电镜(SEM)观察了材料断面形貌,借助差示扫描量热仪(DSC)研究了原料配比及降温速率对PA6/nan-Al2O3复合材料结晶性能影响.结果表明,nan-Al2O3在PA6结晶过程中起异相成核作用,限制了PA6分子链运动,使复合材料玻璃化转变温度及结晶度提高,非等温结晶过冷度降低,结晶速率加快;材料结晶温度、结晶焓、结晶度随降温速率增加而下降.

关键词: 尼龙6 , 纳米氧化铝 , 复合材料 , 结晶性能 , 成核作用

EFFECTIVE-MEDIUM THEORY OF PIEZOELECTRIC COMPOSITES

Journal of Applied Physics

Based on the developed multiple-scattering theory [C.-W. Nan and F. S. Jin, Phys. Rev. B 48, 8578 (1993)], an effective-medium theory (EMT) is proposed to treat coupled electromechanical behavior in composite media. The explicit relations for determining effective behavior of piezoelectric composites are derived. To illustrate the technique, numerical results of piezoelectric ceramic/epoxy composites for various particle shapes are presented over the whole range of concentrations. The EMT estimates are shown to be in good agreement with available experimental results. Porous piezoelectric ceramics are also discussed. The EMT predicts a similar critical behavior for heterogeneous piezoelectric materials to recent experiments.

关键词: electromechanical properties;ceramics

利用苯热合成方法制备氮化硼纳米环

陈志 , 赖泽锋 , 孙传涛 , 伦宁 , 陆希峰 , 王琪珑 , 崔得良

功能材料

利用苯热合成方法,以BCl3和NaN3为原料制备了氮化硼纳米晶,研究了影响氮化硼微观形貌的关键因素(例如,反应温度、原料的混合速度等).在此基础上,通过调整两种原料的混合反应速度制备了BN纳米环,并利用涡旋诱导作用对BN纳米环的生成机理进行了初步讨论.

关键词: 氮化硼 , 纳米环 , 苯热合成 , 微观形貌 , 涡旋诱导

立方氮化铝纳米晶的溶剂热合成及其对二甲苯催化性质的研究

李玲 , 郝霄鹏 , 于乃森 , 徐现刚 , 崔德良 , 蒋民华

人工晶体学报 doi:10.3969/j.issn.1000-985X.2004.03.004

低温(280℃)条件下,通过二甲苯中AlCl3和NaN3的反应制备出了AlN纳米微粒.700℃退火48h后,得到了纯的立方相AlN纳米晶.通过XRD、FTIR和定域电子衍射分析,验证了立方相AlN纳米晶的生成.经XRD和TEM分析,纳米晶的平均粒度约为3nm.色质联(GC-MS)检测结果显示,由于AlN纳米颗粒对二甲苯的催化作用,使二甲苯发生聚合和杂化环反应,得到了二联苯、萘、蒽、三甲基咔唑及咔唑胺等多环芳烃.作为对比实验,分别研究了NaN3和AlCl3对二甲苯的催化性能,发现没有多环芳烃的生成.

关键词: AlN纳米晶 , 溶剂热合成 , 二甲苯 , 催化

硝酸羟胺的热稳定性评估及热分解机理研究

刘建国 , 安振涛 , 张倩 , 杜仕国 , 姚凯 , 王金

材料导报 doi:10.11896/j.issn.1005-023X.2017.04.030

为评估氧化剂硝酸羟胺的热稳定性,使用标准液体铝皿于3 K/min、4 K/min、5 K/min加热速率下进行热分析.借助非等温DSC曲线的参数值,应用Kissinger法和Ozawa法求得热分解反应的表观活化能和指前因子,根据Zhang-Hu-Xie-Li公式、Hu-Yang-Liang-Xie公式、Hu-Zhao-Gao公式以及Zhao-Hu-Gao公式,计算硝酸羟胺的自加速分解温度和热爆炸临界温度,并对热分解机理函数进行了研究.设计了7条热分解反应路径,采用密度泛函理论B3LYP/6-311++G(d,p)方法对硝酸羟胺的热分解进行了动力学和热力学计算.计算结果表明,硝酸羟胺热分解的自加速分解温度TsADT=370.05 K,热爆炸临界温度Te0=388.68K,Tbp0=397.54 K,热分解最可几机理函数的微分形式为f(a) =17×(1-α)18/17.硝酸羟胺热分解各路径中,动力学优先支持路径Path 6、Path 5、Path 4和Path 1生成NO和NO2,其次是Path 2、Path 7和Path 3生成N2和N2O.温度在373 K以下时,Path 1'反应无法自发进行,硝酸羟胺无法进行自发的热分解.从热力学的角度来看,硝酸羟胺在370.05K以下储存是安全的.

关键词: 硝酸羟胺 , 热分析 , 热稳定性 , 热分解机理 , 密度泛函理论

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