欢迎登录材料期刊网

材料期刊网

高级检索

  • 论文(4)
  • 图书()
  • 专利()
  • 新闻()

Improving the electrochemical properties of natural graphite spheres by coating with a pyrolytic carbon shell

新型炭材料

Two kinds of modified natural graphite (MNG) spheres with a pyrolytic carbon shell on smooth or granular surface were obtained using fluidized bed chemical vapor deposition of acetylene by adjusting the reaction parameters. The core of the NING has a highly ordered graphite structure and the shell has a disordered structure. Compared with natural graphite (NG) spheres, MNG with a core-shell structure shows improved first cycling efficiency and cyclability. Especially, the NING spheres with a granular surface possess 84% retention of the first discharge capacity after 41 cycles, owing to effective decrease of the contact resistance and increase of contact area between the NING spheres.

关键词: fluidized bed chemical vapor deposition;core-shell structure;pyrolytic;carbon;modified natural graphite;lithium ion secondary battery;lithium-ion batteries;chemical-vapor-deposition;1st-cycle charge loss;anode material;encapsulated graphite;surface-area;infiltration;performance;improvement;pyrocarbon

LC4铝合金稀土转化膜耐蚀性及影响因素

张巍 , 李久青 , 许江涛 , 陈昆

腐蚀科学与防护技术 doi:10.3969/j.issn.1002-6495.1999.06.004

开发了IC4铝合金稀土转化膜碱性两步成膜工艺ZH1,利用正交优化设计方法确定了最佳工艺参数.采用多种实验方法研究了经ZH1处理的LC4铝合金在氯化物环境中的耐蚀性及其影响因素,结果表明:经ZHI工艺处理过的LC4铝合金耐全面腐蚀和点蚀性能均有明显提高,稀土转化膜既抑制了腐蚀的阴极过程,也抑制了阳极过程.具有ZH1转化膜的LC4铝合金对氯离子浓度和pH值的变化不甚敏感.

关键词: 高强铝合金 , 稀土转化膜 , 耐蚀性学科

STUDIES ON PRIMARY CRYSTALLIZATION OF RAPIDLY QUENCHED Al-Ni-Cu-Nd METALLIC GLASS BY USING HIGH RESOLUTION TRASMISSION ELECTRON MICROSCOPY

Y.D.Xiao , W.X.Li , D.Jacovkis , M.T.Clavaguera-Mora , J.Rodriguez-Viejo , N.Clavaguera

金属学报(英文版)

Rapidly solidified Al87Ni7Cu3Nd3 metallic glasses, prepared by using melt spinning, were treated under both isothermal and non-isothermal regime. The amorphous rib-bon and the annealed samples were closely examined by means of differential scan-ning calorimetric, conventional X-ray diffraction and high resolution transmission electron microscopy with selected-area electron diffraction, with special interest in pri-mary crystallization into α-Al nanocrystalline particles, in order to understand struc-tural characteristics of Al-based amorphous/nanocrystalline alloys, and nucleation and grain growth mechanism on the nanometer scale during primary crystallization. The results show that, the as-prepared ribbons are fully amorphous and homogeneous in the micron scale, but contain high density of quenched-in clusters or crystallite embryos. Primary crystallization mainly leads to formation of two-phase mixture of α-Al crystal and residual amorphous phase. The annealed ribbons exposed isother-mally at 110℃ for 5, 130 minutes and heated continuously up to less than 310℃ at 40℃/min consist of large amount of α-Al fec crystal nanoparticles dispersed uni-formly in an amorphous matrix. However, a very little amount of finer orthorhombic Al3Ni intermetalics particles exist in the annealed ribbons heated up to 310℃. During primary crystallization, the leading kinetic mechanics to impede growth of the α-Al crustal is soft impinaement, instead of geometric impinqement.

关键词: rapid solidification , null , null

出版年份

刊物分类

相关作者

相关热词