基于开发低成本非稀土型变形镁合金的目的,利用XRD、SEM、EDS、TEM和EBSD等检测手段对新型Mg-7Bi-1Al-1Zn(质量分数,%,BAZ711)合金的微观组织进行相关表征,同时采用万能试验机测试了其铸态及挤压态试样的力学性能.结果表明:铸态BAZ711合金中粗大的Mg3Bi2相呈连续网状分布于 α-Mg枝晶晶界处,其平均二次枝晶臂间距约为50μm;挤压态BAZ711合金发生完全再结晶,平均晶粒尺寸减小为3μm,微米级Mg3Bi2相沿挤压方向呈条带状断续分布,同时,基体中弥散分布有大量50~200 nm的近球状或短杆状Mg3Bi2相;挤压后合金表现出典型挤压织构特征.由于组织细化和微/纳双尺度第二相的综合强化作用,挤压态合金力学性能较铸态显著提高,其拉伸屈服强度、抗拉强度和伸长率分别达到244 MPa、305 MPa和14%.
In order to develop cost-effective Mg alloy without rare earth (RE) addition, the microstructural evolution of newly developed Mg-7Bi-1Al-1Zn (mass fraction, %, BAZ711) alloy was investigated by XRD, SEM, EDS, TEM and EBSD. The tensile test was also carried out to study corresponding mechanical properties. The results show that the as-cast BAZ711 alloy is consisted of α-Mg matrix with an average second dendrite arm space (SDAS) of about 50 μm and coarse Mg3Bi2 phases distributing in the grain boundaries. However, the average grain size is reduced to about 3μm after extrusion. The extruded BAZ711 alloy with fully dynamic recrystallized (DRXed) grains contains strip-like fragmented Mg3Bi2 particles along the extrusion direction (ED), demonstrating a typical basal texture. In addition, a large amount of Mg3Bi2 precipitates with sizes ranging from 50nm to 200 nm were observed. The as-extruded BAZ711 alloy gives superior mechanical properties, a tensile yield strength of 244 MPa, an ultimate tensile strength of 305 MPa and an elongation of 14%, which is mainly due to grain refinement, and presence of micro/nano-size Mg3Bi2 particles.